Overcoming Fear of the Dark
“Mom, I can’t sleep.”
Fear of the dark usually starts to show up around the 2-year mark. As toddler’s minds mature, their memory gets longer and their imagination develops. They’ve almost certainly taken a spill on the playground or had some kind of traumatic incident by this point, so they’re aware that there are things out there that can hurt them.
As adults, we’re experienced enough to recognize that the dark isn’t inherently dangerous, but for a toddler, there’s no history to draw on to assure them that they’re safe and secure after the lights go out.
Top 5 Advice
My most important, pieces of advice when you’re addressing your little one’s fear of the dark is this:
1. Don’t slough it off
This can be a bit of a tricky landscape to navigate. On the one hand, we absolutely want to show empathy and understanding when something frightens our kids. On the other, we don’t want to add fuel to the fire.
This is why I’m not a big fan of “monster repellent” or nightly closet checks.
Consider this scenario: You’re concerned, rationally or not, that there’s an intruder in your house. You mention it to your spouse, who hands you a can of pepper spray and looks around the room, says, “Nope, I don’t see anyone. Anyways, I’m headed out for the night! Have a good sleep!”
So when we tell our kids, “Nope! No monsters here! Not that I noticed, anyway, so you’re all good,” it’s not nearly as soothing as you might think.
2. Inquire further
As I was saying earlier, dismissing your little one’s fears as irrational or unfounded isn’t all that helpful, so ask some questions when they express a fear of the dark. Digging into their concerns is helpful as it lets them know that you’re taking them seriously, which is very reassuring. It also helps you to assess what it is about the darkness that frightens them and helps you to address it.
For example, if they tell you they’re seeing things moving around their room, it might be caused by shadows. Headlights from cars driving by can often shine enough light through curtains or blinds to throw shadows across the room. Coupled with a toddler’s imagination, that can create some seriously intimidating scenes. In that situation, some blackout blinds can prove to be a quick, effective solution.
Getting a clear, concise answer from a toddler about anything is tricky. You’re likely going to have to work with slightly more obscure information, but we’re showing concern, and that goes a long way here.
3. Fun in the dark
For a lot of toddlers, bedtime is the only time of the day that they’re left alone. They’re either playing with friends, hanging close to their parents, or supervised in some way, shape, or form by a grown-up. Bedtime is also the only time they’re exposed to darkness, so you can see how the two things together could easily cause some anxiety.
So the obvious (and super fun!) way to ease some of that apprehension is to spend some time together in the dark. Reading books under a blanket with a dim flashlight is a great activity. Some hide and seek with the lights out is tons of fun as well, just as long as you clear any tripping hazards out of the area you’re going to be playing in. (It doesn’t have to be pitch black. We just want to get some positive associations with low-light situations.)
Shadow puppets are a great time, even though I’m personally terrible at them. Hide-and-Clap is a classic. A quick Google search will load you up with dozens of ideas, so pick two or three that you think your child will like, then let them choose one.
3. Stay calm and consistent
This isn’t likely to be an overnight fix, but stay respectful, stay calm, and stay consistent. After your little one’s fears have been addressed and they’ve learned that the darkness is more fun than frightening, you’ll start seeing more consolidated sleep and less visits in the middle of the night.
4. Scale back on screen time
More likely than not, your child has also probably seen a few movies or been read a few books that touch on a couple of spooky or eerie elements, even if they’re geared towards children. Three Little Pigs, for all of its charm, gave my kiddos a serious case of the willies when they were toddlers. You may need to be a bit more choosey with what shows your child is watching on tv and pick ones with a big bag villain.
5. Gradually dim the lights
Turning down the lights gradually as your little one’s bedtime approaches is a good way to ease them into a dark setting, and also helps to stimulate melatonin production, which will help them get to sleep easier. Two birds, one stone. Parenting level: Master.